In 1875, Gallifet was promoted to general, and led the 15th infantry division in Dijon, the army corps in Tours, and the army corps in Limoges in 1882. After becoming a member of the Conseil Supérieur de la Guerre in 1885, he carried out the manoeuvres of the cavalry in the following years and earned the reputation as an army commander.
In 1880, he was decorated by Léon Gambetta as the Grand Officer of the Légion d’Honneur and was later nominated to be the governor of Paris. He also received the Grand Cross of the Légion d’Honneur in 1887 and was given the Military Medal in 1891. He retired from active duty after he led cavalry manoeuvres in 1894.
Galliffet was appointed as war minister on 22 June 1899 and played a significant role in French politics, distinguishing himself for his firmness in dealing with cases of conflict in the army. He retired on 29 May 1900 and died at the age of 79 on 8 July 1909.
He was reputed for severity during the Paris Commune’s suppression and became the subject of continuous attacks by the chamber of deputies and the press. In 1872, he went back to Algeria and commanded the Batna subdivision in the campaign against El Golea, overcoming the difficulties of marching across the desert and causing severe punishment to the revolted tribes.
Date of Birth: 23 January 1830
Place of Birth: Paris, France
Gaston Alexandre Auguste, Marquis de Galliffet was a French general who was born on 23 January 1830 in Paris, France.
In 1848, Gaston Galliffet went into the army, and was promoted to sub-lieutenant in 1853. He had served with distinction during the Siege of Sevastopol in 1855, the Austro-Sardinian War in 1859, and in Algeria in 1860. He later served on emperor Napoleon III’s personal staff for some time.
During the siege of Puebla in Mexico in 1863, he showed great courage but was wounded severely. He went back to France to recuperate from his wounds and was assigned the task of handing the captured colours and standards to the emperor. In 1864, he returned to Algeria and participated in the expeditions against the Arabs. He then went back to Mexico as a lieutenant-colonel and became a colonel of the third Chasseurs d’Afrique in 1867.
Galliffet led the Army of the Rhine during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870-1871, until he was also promoted to brigadier general on 30 August. During the battle of Sedan, he commanded the brigade of Chausseirs d’Afrique in attacking the cavalry division of General Margueritte. Later, he went back to France when Paris was being sieged by the French Army of Versailles. He led a brigade at the time of the repression of the Paris Commune in 1871, making him among the most criticised figures in France.
Name: Gaston Alexandre Auguste, Marquis de Galliffet